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IUCN: not evaluated
Family: FABACEAE Genus: Parkia Species: timoriana Species Author: (DC.) Merr. Vernacular: Tree bean, petai hutan - Borneo, yongchak - Manipur, India, nitta tree - Thailand, riang - Thailand, kedawung -Java, peundung - Java, alai - Sumatra, petai kerayong - Malaysia, batai hutann - Malaysia, kupang -Philippines, amarang - Philippines Synonyms: Parkia biglobosa Auct. not Benth.
Tree Bean is a very large tree, 25-40 m in height, found in North-East India. The leaves are evenly bipinnate and 30-80 cm long. The pinnae are 40-60 in number, and 8-20 cm long. The leaflets are 60-140, linear-oblong, 6-12 mm long, close-set, shining above, and pointed at the tip. The flower-heads are dense, obovoid or perform, up to 6 cm long, hanging from leaf axils like old-fashioned electric bulbs, on long cable-like stalks. The flowers are white and yellow, about 1 cm long. The pods are 25-30 cm long, about 3.5 cm wide, rather thick, pendulous, and black and shinning when mature, and contain from 15-20 seeds. The pods are edible, and are considered a delicacy in Manipur. Their pulp is golden yellow, with a sweetish taste and an odor like that of violets. The roasted seeds are used in certain parts of Africa to make an infusion like coffee, for which reason they have been called soudan Coffee.
Pods are used in bleeding piles. Bark extract is given in diarrhoea and dysentery. Bark and leaves are employed for making lotion applied to sores and skin affections. Cite: Flowersofindia.com
We currently have 5 herbarium specimens for Parkia timoriana in our collection. Click on any specimen below to view the herbarium sheet data.