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Family: DIPTEROCARPACEAE Genus: Dipterocarpus Species: zeylanicus Species Author: Thw.
It is a large tree that grows up to 40 - 45 m tall and 4 - 6 m in circumference. The bark is light pinkish brown or light yellowish brown. Leaves are big and oval, 5 to 8 inches long. The sharp-edged leaves are covered with silver hairy. Flowers bloom in April and seeds have two wings to spread from wind. The bark contains considerable amounts of gray caller oleo resin.
Endemic to Sri Lanka.
D. zeylanicus can be found in moist low country like Ratnapura, Kaluthara, Galle & Mthara districts and also in the Sinharaja rain forest.
It is used as a strong and hard wood and a weight of 54 lbs per cubic foot. The heartwood is light pinkish to dark reddish brown. After a preservative treatment, it is used for railway sleepers, rafters, electric posts, beams, joists, heavy types of carpentry work, and eminently suitable for under water work.
We currently have 2 herbarium specimens for Dipterocarpus zeylanicus in our collection. Click on any specimen below to view the herbarium sheet data.