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Breadfruit Agroforestry Guide

Illustrated by Linda S. Philips

The institute is implementing a global model in sustainable and regenerative organic agriculture to promote food security and a healthy environment through our breadfruit agroforestry demonstration.

What is agroforestry?

Agroforestry is the intercropping of compatible trees and other agricultural crops and plants to provide food security and a healthy environment.

What about breadfruit agroforestry?

Breadfruit has long been an important staple crop and a primary component of traditional agroforestry systems in Oceania. In addition to providing food and goods, these breadfruit agroforestry systems provide broad ecosystem services such as soil and water conservation and maintenance of biodiversity essential to long-term island habitation.

Why incorporate regenerative organic agriculture?

Regenerative organic agriculture focuses on soil health which provides a healthy food system and biodiversity. Farming practices are kept in a cyclical system such as produce and waste management staying within the plot for sustainable compost and fertilizer.

RODALE Institute along with major contributors including Patagonia designed 3 Pillars for Regenerative Organic Certification standards that encompass soil health, animal welfare, and social fairness. Click here for more information and certification standards.

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Regenerative Organic Logo

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What’s happening now with the Breadfruit Institute and breadfruit agroforestry?

Various pilot projects around the world are currently being maintained and researched under regenerative organic practices.


A Regenerative Organic Breadfruit Agroforestry (ROBA) 2-acre demonstration in the Breadfruit Research Orchard in McBryde Garden has been installed with four themes/areas-Shade-Grown Understory Crops, Heritage Pacific Island, Contemporary Tropical, and Regenerative Agroforestry. The project continues to grow and is maintained with regenerative organic practices.

BF Agroforestry Kauai

Puerto Rico

The Breadfruit Institute is helping implement sustainable and regenerative organic breadfruit agroforestry in Puerto Rico to help promote food security and economic development. In December 2018 a workshop was held as part of a pilot project to expand forest onto private farms to conserve wildlife and provide farmers with a very productive and resilient system. The planting took place on MikoNokus, a five-acre farm, in the Mayaguez mountains. The project continues to be monitored and maintained till the next planting phase.

BF Puerto Rico Agroforestry


A pilot breadfruit agroforestry project will be implemented in 2019.

Education and Community Outreach

Education and other community groups contribute in making the ROBA project a success. Our hands-on approach in teaching students about the concept of regenerative agriculture has influenced people on how to farm responsibly in the tropics and enjoy healthy, organic produce. For more information on how you or your group can be part of our ROBA project, please visit

community outreach

Funding for the Regenerative Organic Breadfruit Agroforestry pilot projects and education and community outreach is made possible by Patagonia Provisions® and Ceres Trust.

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Breadfruit Agroforestry Standards and Guide Book

"Agroforestry Standards for Regenerative Agriculture" DPI Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3337 by Craig Elevitch, Diane Ragone, and Niki Mazaroli was published as a blueprint in regenerative organic agroforestry practices and standards. Click here for more information.

The Breadfruit Agroforestry Guide presents techniques that can sustain productivity for long periods of time, while regenerating land degraded by erosion, compaction, overgrazing, and loss of organic matter. It covers subjects that include recognizing breadfruit varieties, agroforestry planning, planting, and maintenance, selection of suitable accompanying crops, value-added products, and economic evaluation. The guide targets a range of growing scenarios from backyard gardens to large farms in the tropics.

The handbook was developed with funding by Patagonia Provisions®, the State of Hawai‘i Department of Agriculture, Western Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education, the Kaua‘i County Office of Economic Development and published by the Breadfruit Institute of the National Tropical Botanical Garden, Kalāheo, Kauai, and Permanent Agriculture Resources, Hōlualoa, Hawai‘i.

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Hard copies can be ordered from Amazon.  Click here to purchase on