Elaeocarpus carolinensis is found in the Federated States of Micronesia on the Caroline and Palau Islands in lowland-upland wet forest and tropical montane cloud forests from sea-level to 400 m. This species is also found in Taiwan.
The genus Elaeocarpus contains 250 species in Asia, Australia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Melesia, New Zealand, the Papua New Guinea, and the Pacific (including Hawai`i). The Hawaiian species, Elaeocarpus bifidus, is endemic and is found in mesic-wet forest on Kaua`i and O`ahu at 900-1,220 m elevation.
(Wagner, W. L., Herbst, D. R., and S. H. Sohmer. 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai`i. Revised Edition. Volume 1. Bishop Museum Special Publication 97. University of Hawai`i Press, Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, Hawai`i.)
Yao, N. 1996. Species list of Vascular Plants of Taiwan. Experimental Forest of National Taiwan University, Taiwan.)